Emgu CV is a cross platform .Net wrapper to the Intel OpenCV image processing library. Allowing OpenCV functions to be called from .NET compatible languages such as C#, VB, VC++, IronPython etc. The wrapper can be compiled in Mono and run on Linux / Mac OS X.This blog entry from Clark Updike shows how.
A couple notes compared to the Emgu wiki version--I was able to get everything working without having to disturb the IronPython install (I didn't copy any files into the IronPython start directory). I simply linked used sys.path to add the locations where the dll's live. Also, I did explicit import for everything. It's a bit more work to figure out what needs to be imported, but it avoids namespace pollution issues. Also, the img.Draw line needed a few tweaks. I had to drop the [float] bit from the original. And with the original version, I was also getting an error on this same line, saying:
TypeError: expected MCvBox2D, got MCvAvgComp
I was able to work around this by passing in the ".rect" rectangle attribute to the Draw method (I'm guessing the api has evolved since the 1.4 Emgu version used for the original). Lastly, I was getting to objects detected--so I used parameters to the detector to only get the single face in the image (basically by telling it to use a larger minimum detection size, minSearchScale). Anyway, now it works the way I was hoping.